Part 1 of "What is ANF?"
This months social media focus is all on Aminoneurofrequency which is a non-thermal EMF device. Part 1. ANF is a biofield therapy which has been supported by Muehsam et al. (2015) Recent research has demonstrated “the existence of these extremely weak EMF effects suggests the possibility of bio information flow at extremely low energies and could foreshadow a paradigm shift away from the biochemical paradigm towards an information oriented model where weak EMF signaling plays an ESSENTIAL role in biological regulation”. This means we can observe the influence of the nervous system through measuring its EMF. Stay tuned for the next few parts as we look into “how it works” in this months posts.
Part 2 of "What is ANF?"
When I was first told “Every living thing has a frequency” I was like “....ok, ....what does that mean”. Well here is my physio mind trying to simplify quantum mechanics, so here goes in a step by step presentation...
1. Living cells emit energy. It’s what makes us ‘alive’. 2. Energy is emitted as photons. 3. Each photon caries energy proportional to its radiation frequency that is specific to its type. 4. The frequency can be determined using a Superconducting Quantum interference Device (SQUID) by using the equation E=hf, where E is the Energy of the photon and h is Planck’s constant.
5. A hydrogen proton has been found to have a resonant frequency of 42.6 MHz, a hydrogen molecule is different again due to its 2 shared electrons, water us different again as is fats etc (www.nap.edu/read/19017/chapter/24#253)
6. Bone has been determined to have 14-19 resonant frequencies (Harkanss, 1994). 7. The resonance frequency of neurons is determined by the active and passive interactions of the neuron. It can be determined by recording its firing patterns at both high and low frequency applications and observing its “notch filter” (or sweet spot) (Hutcheon and Yarom, 2000) See diagrams in pics. Once we know the resonant frequency of the target neuron it can be influenced by an exogenous EMF. But that will be described in Part 3. Why are we going into this in this depth? Because people quite rightly want to know if it’s possible, so I’ve dedicated a bit of time to finding out if it is. Guess what? The science is there, it’s just not molecular biology like what we’re used to.
Part 3 of "How does ANF Work?"
Part 3 in our “How does ANF work?” series describes one of the mechanisms at which the ANF disc can create its therapeutic effect.
The easiest way to describe this is via the law of Sympathetic Resonance. I am sure we have this this phenomenon before. Think about an experiment involving 2 tuning forks that have matched frequencies and/or harmonics. (Remember a frequency is the number of times the wave oscillates per second and the harmonic is a function of the wavelength) in the experiment you strike the first tuning fork and it vibrates at its predetermined frequency which is a function of its structure (think back to Part 2 how Hutcheon and Yarom (2000) states that a nerves frequency is determined by its structure and its function - yes, you see the parallels 😊) so the first fork (let’s call it “the disc fork”) vibrates and because it shares the same frequency/harmonic as the 2nd tuning fork (let’s call that the ‘nerve fork’) it can pass its energy into that structure and make it vibrate. This is Sympathetic Resonance. So (I hear you ask) how does the nerve oscillation or uptake of the discs energy create a therapeutic effect?
This was described in a paper by Frölich and McCormick (2010) that showed via application of a very small EMF you could:
1. Change the membrane potential of a neuron to produce excitation (firing) of the nerve.
2. Increase the rate at which the nerve fired without changing the harmonic.
3. Create a wave of neuronal activity such as a neural signature that may act out as a function.
4. With a disruptive EMF you had the potential to be able to create a dissonant or disruptive frequency to reduce or inhibit a neurons effectiveness.
Therefore if we know the frequency of the target neuron (see part 2) we can influence it by an applied EMF.
There is much research to be done to describe this further and acknowledgment must be given to Björn Nordenström (1983) who describes the inner mechanics of cellular and neural activity in the book ‘Biologically Closed Electric Circuits’, thar I have not described a part of this explanation in a desire to keep it concise and relatively easy to understand.
Part 4 of the What is ANF series continues...
Can a 'sticker' really hold a frequency?
The ANF ‘DISC’ is composed of a 28.4% carbon metal alloy. The manufacturer states that the frequency is embedded into it using an ‘Accelerator Frequency Generator’ (AFG) using “coax cables attached to a large vacuum control box. This eliminates the interior atmosphere in the box down to 0.05 PSI during disc programming. This allows the AFG to send specific frequencies into the box without the normal atmosphere around then causing interference.”
The use of the super heat treated activated carbon metal alloys has been described by Iqbal et al. (2019) as having “excellent conductivity and high surface area ... and an efficient energy storage material when used as a ‘super capacitor’.
Technology has come a long way very fast. With the use of nanoscale technology ANF presents a device that can store and emit a pre-programmed frequency once activated for a continuous 72hours. This separates it from other modalities that require an electrical source that create patient inconvenience as they are not ‘wearable’ like ANF.
This may allow ANF to be used as a successful compliment to traditional treatment and exercise programs and return to loading for patients.
Part 5 of the “What is ANF?” Series is “Where’s the research?”
There is always a delay between what is observed in the clinic as “Clinical effectiveness” and what has been demonstrated in the research as being “Evidence based”. ANF is currently in that phase.
There is no doubt that good quality research needs to be produced to gain wider acceptance and I am aware of 3 such studies underway. In the interim we are left with extrapolating findings from non-thermal EMF investigations as well as using our own judgement of the literally thousands of anecdotal reports on its successes. Yes, when the research comes it has the capacity to revolutionize our medical thinking. Let’s hope it comes soon. I direct you to the @aminopainacademy page to watch this space.
ANF is a non-thermal EMF device (NTEMF) that is non-ionizing, meaning it has the capacity to add energy to a cell seen by increasing its rate of oscillation without changing its molecular structure. (as cited from ARPANSA Website)
NTEMF can produce local cellular effects such as changes in reactive oxygen species (Belpomme et al. 2018). Marynchenko et al (2019) outlines the research methods used to detect biological changes from NTEMF for both positive and negative therapeutic effects. This demonstrates the importance of this emerging field of therapeutic study.
Therapeutically, Volckmann (2012) demonstrated a 67% improvement in pain reduction compared to a 21% improvement with a placebo for knee OA for a similar device to ANF. Greenberg (2010) was able to demonstrate a 22-46% increase in organ Carnosine and 29-57% increase in organ Glutathione levels (a key antioxidant for the body that combats reactive oxygen species) in a NTEMF device. Similar significant effects have been demonstrated on the autonomic nervous system via HRV measures (Nazeran, 2015). There has been an exponential growth in studies involving NTEMF that demonstrate this as an emerging area in therapeutic medicine. As more case studies and publications are produced the mechanisms will become more widely understood. Until then feel free to ask any questions or contact me via PM if you would like to observe it in action.
Part 6 of “What is ANF?” Series is ‘What if there were no discs?’
I recently asked the attendees of my last course “do you think this course would be worth it if you were told that there were no discs? Let’s say they had run out or a patient refused to wear them. Do you think what you have learned is beneficial even without the discs?”
The answer was a resounding “Absolutely!”
What ANF teaches is an emphasis on a thorough assessment. We now ask questions deeper than what we previously considered. It teaches the interactions between all of the body systems. Emphasizing the need to reduce stress and it’s effect on inflammation (Edwards 2008) but more importantly the emotions associated with both past and present injury. It stresses the importance of the #lymphatic system and how without addressing it healing cannot occur successfully (Pikor 2017). It emphasizes that reducing inflammation is not a passive process, it doesn’t just happen, it needs to be actively resolved (Serhan 2007). As therapists we have addressed this through movement, exercise, meditation and lifestyle change but tapping into the “why and how” only makes clinical decision making more efficient.
Franceschi et al. (2014) state that inflammation is the driving factor in many diseases, including atherosclerosis, cancer, autoimmunity and chronic infections, and a major contributor to age related conditions.
The ANF approach is to reduce inflammation and improve the overall function of each body system. Understanding that each system is entwined and each system has a level of importance attributed to it that has evolved from our basic survival needs
In this 6 part series we have described the growth in research into non thermal EMF modalities such as ANF and its benefits as a ‘wearable’ device to be discreet, convenient and apply a 72 hour dose. The mechanisms of how the body produces its frequency (Part 2), how the discs can exert an effect at cellular level (Part 3) and how the discs store their frequency (Part 4) have been detailed. Part 5 summarized the research into non thermal EMF modalities like ANF.
ANF holds great promise as BOTH a therapeutic approach and device for the future.